Back To Basics

Dr Pravin Banodkar

D.N.B Dermatology

How well do you know your skin? Get real world answers from our in-house skin expert!


Q. How many layers are there to the Skin?
The skin ideally has multiple layers but for the ease of understanding it as a cosmetic unit it is divided into 3 layers. The epidermis on top, the subcutaneous fat in the lowest layer and the dermis sandwiched between the epidermis and subcutaneous fat.

Q. What is the skin’s “Barrier Function”? And how does it get damaged?
The “Barrier Function” of the skin is maintained by the junction of the epidermis and dermis.

This junction called the dermo-epidermal junction maintains the barrier and controls the gates of the water flow going inside and outside the skin. This junction gets damaged when not maintained properly by sunlight, excessive scrubs, friction, long time water exposure, use of irritant products and certain skin disease states like psoriasis and atopic dermatitis.

Q. What are the symptoms of an impaired barrier function? How does one protect it and reverse the damage?
The symptoms of impaired barrier function are redness, scaling skin, peeling skin, itching, burning, thickening of the skin over time and sometimes even blister formation.

Skin should be protected by adequately using good quality dermatologist recommended products like moisturizers, sunscreens and faces washes depending on the skin type.

Damage to the skin can be reversed by use of hyaluronic acid based products, which improves the tensile strength of the skin by boosting collagen and elastin.

If you have any queries email us at [email protected]  and we will get back to you as soon as possible! In the meantime let our Q&A guide you through…

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